An In-Depth Guide to Conversational AI

Conversational AI is a subset of artificial intelligence that enables human-to-machine conversation. It makes interacting with computers more natural and intuitive for users.

The technology has been around for ages but only recently gained popularity as it became more accessible to consumers. This article will explore the basics of conversational AI and how it works.

Definition of Conversational AI

Conversational AI focuses on creating and implementing computer programs that can converse with human beings through natural language.

Components used in Conversational AI

The components used in conversational AI can be divided into four categories:

Machine Learning

Machine learning is artificial intelligence that uses algorithms to learn from data and make predictions based on those models. It can teach computers to answer questions and make decisions without being explicitly programmed.


Natural Language Processing (NLP) is the ability of a computer program to comprehend human speech in written or spoken form. NLP allows computers to process vast amounts of text using natural language understanding and speech recognition techniques.


Natural Language Understanding (NLU) is a component of Conversational AI that enables a machine to interpret human language. NLU seeks to understand the meaning behind human input, as well as the intent behind it.

Natural language understanding is used in chatbots and other types of conversational systems, where it can detect the user’s intent and respond appropriately.

For example, a user might ask their conversational AI, “what time is it?” If the system understands that this means “What time do you have?”, it could return an answer such as “It’s 4:30pm.”


Another component of Conversational AI is Natural Language Generation (NLG). This component allows machines to write text in natural language. It can be used in chatbots or other applications where users interact with devices through text-based communication.

How does Conversational AI work?

Conversational AI uses several techniques to analyze and understand user input. The techniques include:

Input Generation

Input generation is the process of creating multiple possible ways to interpret a user’s input. The system will generate different answers and then analyze them for errors. This process allows it to learn how the user thinks and how they might ask questions in the future.

Input Analysis

Input analysis is the process of breaking down the input from a user into chunks that can be used to generate responses. In conversational AI, this is often done using a set of rules.

For example, if the user says, “I want to order a pizza,” the engine may respond by asking for their phone number and name.

Input analysis is machine learning, where an algorithm learns from past conversations and predicts what users will say next.

Output Generation

Output generation in Conversational AI translates text into a speech that a human can understand. This is done by taking the input text and mapping it to phonemes, then creating a sentence from those phonemes. The sentences created are used to produce an output for the user.

Reinforcement Learning

Reinforcement learning is machine learning that allows computers to learn by trial and error. In reinforcement learning, a reward function is used to evaluate the quality of each action taken by an agent. The agent then chooses which action to take based on the reward function.

Reinforcement learning has been used in conversational AI to allow chatbots to learn from their human interactions. A chatbot can use reinforcement learning to improve its response to specific questions or even to keep track of what people are saying, so it knows how best to respond.

Use Cases of Conversational AI

Conversational AI is being used in a variety of different industries, including the following:

Lead Generation

Conversational AI is used to generate leads for sales and marketing teams. The chatbot can be programmed to gather information about the customer’s needs and preferences, which salespeople and marketers can then use to tailor their messaging when communicating with customers.

Customer Support

Conversational AI is being used to provide customer support for businesses. The chatbot can be programmed to answer common questions and provide basic information, reducing the time that human customer service representatives spend on these tasks.

Conversational AI Industrial Uses

Industrial uses for conversational AI include:


Conversational AI can be used to provide customer support for telecommunications companies. The chatbot can be programmed to answer common questions about billing, service plans, and account status. This saves humans from answering these questions over the phone or through email.


Conversational AI can be used to provide customer support for e-commerce companies. The chatbot can be programmed to answer common questions about shipping and returns and provide product recommendations based on a customer’s preferences.


With conversational AI, SaaS companies can create chatbots that help your customers solve problems with your product. These bots can also be used for scheduling meetings or answering common questions about their product. Some businesses are even using these bots for product development purposes.

Many SaaS companies have started using conversational AI as part of their sales process because it allows them to automate many parts of the sales process, including lead generation and qualification through closing deals and generating new leads from those closed deals.


Healthcare companies are using conversational AI to improve patient care and increase revenue. Hospitals and medical practices can use these bots to provide patients with 24/7 access to their medical records, schedule appointments, get lab results, and more.

Some healthcare providers have even started using these chatbots as part of their treatment plans by having them interact with patients who suffer from chronic diseases like diabetes or asthma.

Banking and Insurance

Banks and insurance companies use conversational AI to provide customers personalized financial advice, manage their accounts more efficiently, and reduce costs by streamlining manual processes.

Some bots can help you get a loan faster than ever, while others are designed to improve customer service by answering common questions about products, policies, and more.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is an example of conversational AI?

Conversational AI examples include chatbots and virtual assistants, such as Alexa, Siri, Google Assistant, Cortana, etc.

What problems does conversational AI solve?

Conversational AI is one of the most powerful tools in the industry today. It allows companies to provide customers with a more personalized experience, automate manual processes and reduce costs by streamlining operations.